What the paper is about: KeypointNet learns the optimal set of 3D keypoints and their 2D detectors for a specified downstream task. The authors demonstrate this by extracting 3D keypoints and their 2D detectors for the task of relative pose estimation across views. They show that, using keypoints extracted by KeypointNet, relative pose estimates are superior to ones that are obtained from a supervised set of keypoints. Approach: Training samples for KeypointNet comprise two views (images) of an object. The task is to then produce an ordered list of 3D keypoints that, upon orthogonal procrustes alignment, produce the true relative 3D pose across those views. The network has N heads, each of which extracts one (3D) keypoint (from a 2D image). There are two primary loss terms. A multi-view consistency loss measures the discrepancy between the two sets of extracted keypoints under the ground-truth transform. A relative-pose estimation loss penalizes the angular discrepency (under orthogonal procrustes) of the estimated transform using the extracted keypoints vs the GT transform. Additionally, they require keypoints to be distant from each other, and to lie within the object silhouette.